Dr. Samuel Dudley (1790-1874), originally from New Hampshire, became the resident surgeon at the Portsmouth Island Marine Hospital in 1829. His oldest child, Augustus Dudley (1831-1912), was a merchant on Portsmouth Island at the outbreak of the Civil War. During the war, Augustus Dudley became a sutler (a civilian merchant who sells provisions to an army in the field).
After the war, Augustus Dudley filed claims with the US Government for the loss of nearly $10,000 worth of his property. This included $1,415.00 for unpaid items taken from him by Union officer Dr. John M. Davis for use in the Marine Hospital. Property and services included a scow dismantled for firewood, 20 stoves, a beef cow, 8 cords of wood, various hospital supplies, and 49 days use of his schooner Annie.
Additional items lost included another of Dudley's schooners, the C. A. Johnson, destroyed and sunk by Union troops when they negligently and ineptly removed the mast to use for a flagpole ($5,500) and various items removed from a store at Hatteras ($3,000).
According to Augustus Dudley, he was in the Union lines every hour of the time from the fall of Hatteras on the 29th day of August, 1861 until the war ended in 1865, and was "loyal to the U.S. Government every hour of his life."
Early in the war Confederate forces had captured "a good portion" of his property ("worth upwards of Nine Thousand Dollars"). Dudley was threatened, arrested, and imprisoned by the Rebels. For these losses "there was nothing received and nothing promised and nothing expected."
However, after Federal victory at Hatteras he felt that he would be protected, and compensated for property and services taken by the Union army. But as late as 1905 he had never been remunerated for the loss of his property. No records indicate that Augustus Dudley ever received compensation, although it is possible that his widow or other heirs may have eventually collected on the claims.
month's Ocracoke Newsletter is the story of whale and porpoise fishing on the Outer Banks. You can read it here: http://www.villagecraftsmen.com/news082115.htm.